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消防電子報資料庫首頁 :: 消防英文
 
Know if You Live in a Fireproof or Non-Fireproof Building
-- 知道你所居住的建築物是否為防火構造
文/許宏誠

The type of building you live in affects how you and your loved ones should plan for and escape a fire. Knowing if you live in a fireproof or non-fireproof building ultimately can save a life.(你所居住的建築類型會影響你和你的家人應該如何事前計畫逃出火場。知道是否居住在防火構造建築物最終能夠拯救你的生命。)

Check with the New York City Department of Buildings (DOB) if you are unsure if your building is fireproof or non- fireproof. Remember, if you are in imminent danger from a fire or a fire is burning inside your apartment, get out immediately and call 911. Always listen to instructions from the Fire Department during emergencies.(透過紐約市政府建築指南(DOB)確認你的居住場所是否為防火構造。記得如果火災危險逼近你或者你所居住的公寓正在燃燒,立刻從火場逃出並撥打911。在緊急狀況時,務必遵守來自於消防局的火場指示。)

Non-Fireproof Buildings(非防火構造建築物)
If you live in a non-fireproof structure and there is a fire in your building, it usually is safer to leave immediately. Generally, fires in non-fireproof structures are not contained easily to one portion of the building and can spread quickly.(假如你居住在非防火構造建築物,此時你居住的建築物發生火警,較安全的狀況是立即離開現場。一般而言,非防火構造建築物不易侷限火勢,而且火勢蔓延快速。

普遍來說,非防火構造火災並不能被輕易地歸納到火災易迅速擴散的建築類型。)

Fireproof Buildings(防火構造建築物)
If you live in a fireproof building, it usually is safer to stay inside your apartment rather than entering dangerous, smoke-filled hallways. Generally, fires in fireproof buildings will be contained to the portion of the building where the fire started. Additionally, if the fire is below your apartment, you could risk being caught in rising heat and smoke in stairwells. If you and your loved ones are not in imminent danger from a fire or a fire isn’t burning inside your apartment, do the following:(如果你居住在防火構造建築物,通常待在你所居住的公寓住所會比較安全,跑進濃煙密布的走廊反而危險。一般而言,防火構造建築火災會被侷限於起火處。除此之外,如果起火層比你的住所低,你將有被豎井區域中快速上升的熱與濃煙所困之風險。如果你和你的家人並未處於火災立即危險或你的住所並非起火處,請遵循以下事項:

1. Keep your door closed.(將房門緊閉。)
2. Seal doors or openings with duct tape, wet sheets or wet towels. (利用風管膠布、濕床單或濕毛巾封住門窗及開口。)
3. Turn off air conditioners.(將冷氣關閉。)
4. It is okay to open your windows a few inches unless flames or smoke are coming from directly below.(將窗戶打開數英吋是可以的,除非火煙從直下層冒上來。)
5. Do not break the windows as you may need to close them later.(避免打破稍後可能需要被關閉的窗戶。)
6. Call 911 and give the dispatcher your apartment number and description of the conditions. Follow instructions from Dispatchers; they are trained to help.(撥打911然後給予指揮中心派遣員你住所的門號和現況描述。遵循派遣員的指令;他們是被訓練來幫助你們的。)
7. Remember to always listen to instructions from the Fire Department personnel during a fire or emergency.(記得在火警或其他緊急狀況時永遠聽從消防局人員的指示。)








註:本文相關內容來自https://www1.nyc.gov/site/fdny/education/fire-and-life-safety/fire-safety-educational-publications.page(本專欄內容可能與我國消防現況有所出入,僅供學習消防英文參考使用。)


(108年11月29日 )
 
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