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消防電子報資料庫首頁 :: 消防英文
 
TFD Life Safety Information(October2019)
-- 10月東京消防廳月刊:提醒您確保生命安全的最新資訊(2019年)
文/許宏誠

● Don’t Let Fires Kill You!(Autumn Fire Prevention Campaign)(別讓火焰吞噬你!秋之火災預防運動)
The TFD holds the Autumn Fire Prevention Campaign from November 9 (Sat.) to 15(Fri.) 2019. The Campaign helps people raise their fire and life safety knowledge and their abilities to cope with disasters as well. Fire-safe communities, damage mitigation (to the minimum), life safety and property protection―these are exactly what the Fire Prevention Campaign is for!(東京消防廳在11月9日至15日舉辦秋之火災預防運動。此運動幫助民眾提升火災相關生命安全知識與災害應變能力。至於火災預防運動內容是什麼?就是有關自衛消防編組、減少災害(降至最小值)、生命安全及財產保護囉!)


In the first half of the year 2019, we had 2,240 fires with a 12,635-㎡ area turned to ashes (131 more fires and 2, 178 ㎡ more burnt areas than in the first half of 2018). Meanwhile, there were 72 fire deaths with suicides (19 more than in the first half of 2018). This is actually the largest number during the past five years. The number of the fire deaths excluding suicide was 62 (17 more than in the first half of 2018). Fire injuries were 415 (five more than in the first half of 2018).【在2019年上半年,東京發生了2,240起火災,總計12,635平方公尺化成灰燼(比2018上半年多了131起火災及增加2,178平方公尺)。同時,火災致死人數(含自殺)為72人(比2018上半年多了19人)人數係最近5年間最多者。自殺除外,火災致死人數為62人(比2018上半年多了17人),火災致傷人數為415人(比2018上半年多了5人)。】

The causes of fires are ①Smoking(444) ②Arson including Suspected Cases(372) ③ Gas Range(191) ④Electric Heater(58) ⑤Plug(51). Notably, Smoking came to the top this year, not Arson including Suspected Cases.(火災成因包括,①菸蒂等(444起)、②縱火(含疑似縱火案)(372起)、 ③瓦斯爐(191起)、 ④電熱器(58起) 、⑤插座及插頭(51起)。值得注意的是火災起因中,菸蒂火災在今年度發生率達到高峰,而非縱火(含疑似縱火)。)

Smoking-caused residential fire. Most of them could have been prevented with proper handling of cigarettes. Smokers’ right knowledge and action are important!(菸蒂造成的住宅火災,大部分都能藉由適當處理菸蒂予預防。吸菸者的正確知識和行為殊為重要!)

For Fire-Safe Smoking?(如何安全地吸菸?)
・Don’t smoke and sleep.(別一邊睡覺一邊吸菸。)
・Stop the Drinking-Smoking-Sleeping chain.(停止醉酒-吸菸-睡覺的循環。)
・Don’t leave ashtrays full of cigarette butts.(別讓菸灰缸充滿菸蒂。)
・Discard cigarette butts after soaking them in water.(丟棄菸蒂前請先浸泡於水中。)
・Use fire-retardant sheets and futon covers.(使用防焰床單及被套。)






註:本文相關內容來自http://www.tfd.metro.tokyo.jp/eng/safety_info.html(本專欄內容可能與我國消防現況有所出入,僅供學習消防英文參考使用。)


(108年11月8日 )
 
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