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消防電子報資料庫首頁 :: 消防英文
 
What causes a gas leak and how to detect it?
-- 瓦斯洩漏是怎麼造成的?要如何偵測瓦斯洩漏?
文/曾郁青

Gas leaks in the home are usually the result of poorly fitted, badly maintained or faulty appliances like boilers and cookers.(居家發生瓦斯洩漏通常是由於安裝不當、維護不良或鍋爐和炊具等設備的不完善所造成的。)

If your appliance is badly fitted, gas can escape, typically from the gas hose that leads into your appliance or from around the seal.(如果設備安裝不當,可能會導致氣體逸出,洩漏處通常是通往設備端的氣體軟管或封接處周圍的地方。)

So you should always make sure your appliances are installed by an accredited Gas Safe engineer.(因此你應始終確保你的設備器具是由經過認證的瓦斯承裝業者安裝的。)

If you are not sure if your engineer is accredited, you can check the Gas Safe site or ask the engineer to show their registration card.(如果不確定瓦斯承裝業者是否經過認證,可以查看網站或要求瓦斯承裝業者出示他們的認證卡。)

If your appliances are a bit older and you are having them serviced, always use a Gas Safe engineer.(如果設備有點老舊,而且仍然正在使用,請始終聘用合格的瓦斯承裝業者。)

You should also be cautious of old or second-hand appliances, particularly if you are just moving into a new property or renting.(你還應該謹慎使用老舊設備或二手設備,特別是如果你正巧搬進新房屋或租房。)

Luckily there are some easy-to-spot signs that will tell you if your old appliances are faulty.(幸運的是,有一些易於判別的徵象可以告訴你你的老舊設備是否有故障情形。)

The most tell-tale sign of a leak is the smell of gas. But in the case of a carbon monoxide leak, there are also particular physical symptoms you may suffer from if there is a leak.(瓦斯洩漏最明顯的徵象是臭味,但是在一氧化碳洩漏的情況下,你可能還會遭遇特殊的身體症狀。)

If you are feeling ill, dizzy or nauseous,you should go outside immediately.(如果你覺得有生病、頭暈或噁心的情形,你應該立即出門。)

If the symptoms go away in the fresh air you could be feeling the effects of carbon monoxide poisoning.(如果這些症狀在新鮮空氣中消失,你可能是受到一氧化碳中毒的影響。)

There may also be some clear signs from your household appliances that indicate a leak, even if you can't smell gas:(即使你無法聞到氣體的味道,你的家用器具也可能會有一些明顯的徵象顯示有發生洩漏:)

If the flame is a tired-looking orange or yellow colour rather than crisp and blue, this can signal an issue.(如果火焰看起來是暗橙色或黃色,而不是鮮豔清澈的藍色,這可能是有問題的信號。)

If the pilot light always seems to blow out, there could be an issue.(如果指示燈似乎總是處於熄燈狀態,即有可能存在問題。)

On the outside of the appliance, keep an eye out for soot or any black or brown scorched areas.(在設備器具外部,請留意是否有煙灰或任何黑色或棕色燒焦區域。)

Watch out for excessive condensation on the gas cylinder, or a musty smell in the air.(注意瓦斯桶上是否有過度冷凝現象或空氣中有霉味。)







註:本文相關內容來自https://www.uswitch.com/(本專欄內容可能與我國消防現況有所出入,僅供學習消防英文參考使用。)


(108年7月12日 )
 
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