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消防電子報資料庫首頁 :: 消防英文
 
Fire Safety for kids
-- 兒童防火安全
文/曾郁青

A home fire is a devastating event, and one that you never count on happening. Your children are most at risk when this disaster occurs. In fact, children under five are twice as likely as other people to die in a home fire.(住宅火災是一場你永遠預想不到會發生的嚴重災難。當災難來臨時,你的孩子將面臨最大的風險。事實上,住宅火災中5歲以下孩童的死亡率是其他人的2倍。)

Tragically, many home fires are started by children playing with dangerous household items – especially lighters and matches. Taking sensible precautions in the home and teaching your child how to escape from a fire can help your family avoid this type of heartbreak.(悲慘的是,許多住宅火災起因於兒童把玩危險的居家用品 – 像是打火機和火柴。採取合適的預防措施及教導你的孩子如何逃生,可以讓您的家庭避免這樣心碎的事情發生。)

Prevent Your Child from Starting Fires (避免小孩玩火)
●Keep matches, lighters and other ignitable substances in a secured location out of your child’s reach. Only use lighters with child-resistant features.(將火柴、打火機和其他可點火物品放置於兒童無法觸及的安全位置。只能使用具有兒童保護裝置的打火機。)
●Invest in flameless candles. These candles contain a light bulb rather than an open flame, and take the danger out of your child knocking over a candle.(購買無焰蠟燭。無焰蠟燭是一個燈泡而非明火,可以避免孩子發生打翻蠟燭的危險。)

Help Your Child Survive a Fire(幫助小孩火場逃生)
●Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside bedrooms and outside sleeping areas.(在家中臥室內外的每一層樓安裝住宅用火災警報器。)
●Once a month check whether each alarm in the home is working properly by pushing the test button.(每月定期利用住宅用火災警報器的測試鈕測試警報器是否能夠正常發出警報。)
●Replace batteries in smoke alarms at least once a year. Immediately install a new battery if an alarm chirps, warning the battery is low.(每年至少更換1次住宅用火災警報器的電池,若警報器發出間斷式弱電音響即為顯示電池電力不足,應立即更換電池確保功能正常。)
●Ensure that all household members know two ways to escape from every room of your home, and where to meet up outside.(確保家中所有成員都知道發生火災時無論在那個房間都有兩種逃脫方法,以及逃脫後在戶外會合的地方。)
●Practice your fire escape plan at least twice a year and at different times of the day. Practice waking up to smoke alarms, low crawling and meeting outside. Make sure everyone knows how to call 9-1-1.(每年至少2次在不同時間實際演練防火避難計劃,以被住宅用火災警報器叫醒的演練情境,採低姿勢爬行並逃生至戶外會合。確保每個人都知道如何撥打119。)
●Teach household members to STOP, DROP and ROLL immediately if their clothes should catch on fire.(教導家中成員如衣物著火應立即停、躺、滾。)





註:本文相關內容來自https://www.redcross.org/
(本專欄內容可能與我國消防現況有所出入,僅供學習消防英文參考使用。)


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