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消防電子報資料庫首頁 :: 消防英文
 
Fire Safety Equipment- Fire Extinguishers
-- 防火安全設備--滅火器
文/曾郁青

Consider having one or more working fire extinguishers in your home. An extinguisher rated “A-B-C” is recommended for home use. Many fire extinguisher models are designed for one-time use and cannot be recharged.(考慮在你的家中設置1支或更多的滅火器,其中名為ABC的乾粉滅火器被推薦使用於居家環境。很多滅火器被設計成1次性使用且無法被重複充填。)

Get training from the fire department or a fire extinguisher manufacturer. Fire extinguishers from various manufacturers operate in different ways and there is no time to read directions during an emergency.(請從消防局或滅火器製造商取得訓練,因為不同製造商所製造的滅火器有不同的操作方式,而且在緊急時刻你沒有時間去讀取滅火器上的使用說明。

Only adults should handle and use extinguishers.(只有成人可以處理和使用滅火器。)

Install extinguishers high on the wall, near an exit, and away from heat sources.(安裝滅火器在牆壁的高處、靠近出口且遠離熱源的地方。)
Extinguishers should be easily accessible to adults trained to use them, and kept away from children's curious hands.(滅火器應該要容易被訓練過的成人取得來使用,並且要讓滅火器遠離小孩充滿好奇心的雙手。)
Heat may make the contents less effective or cause the extinguisher to lose its charge more quickly.(高熱可能讓滅火藥劑降低效能或造成滅火器更快失去壓力。)
If you try to use a fire extinguisher on a fire and the fire does not immediately die down, drop the extinguisher and get out. Most portable extinguishers empty in 8 seconds.(如果你嘗試用滅火器滅火但是火勢沒有立即被壓制,請丟棄滅火器並離開,大部分的可攜式滅火器會在8秒內放射完畢。)

Look at your fire extinguisher to ensure that it is properly charged. Fire extinguishers will not work properly if they are not properly charged.(查看你的滅火器確認它有被適當灌充壓力,滅火器會無法正常運作如果他們沒有被適當的灌充壓力。)
Use the gauge or test button to check that there is proper pressure.(使用壓力表或測試按鈕確認滅火器有適當的壓力。)
Follow the manufacturer's instructions for replacing or recharging fire extinguishers. If the unit is low on pressure, damaged, or corroded, replace it or have it professionally serviced.(遵從製造商對於替換或重複灌充滅火器的使用說明,如果其零組件有壓力低、損壞或腐蝕的現象,替換之或送專業維修。)

Before you begin to fight a fire with a fire extinguisher, be sure that:(在你開始使用滅火器與火災搏鬥前,請確認下列事項:)
Everyone has left or is leaving the home.(所有人都已經離開或正在離開。)
The fire department has been called.(已經向消防局報案。)
The fire is small and not spreading.(火勢微弱且沒有蔓延之虞。)
Your back is to an exit you can use quickly.(你的背後就是你可以快速逃離的出口。)
There is not much smoke in the room.(現場沒有很多的濃煙在房間中。)






註:本文相關內容來自https://www.redcross.org/(本專欄內容可能與我國消防現況有所出入,僅供學習消防英文參考使用。)


(108年4月26日 )
 
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