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消防電子報資料庫首頁 :: 消防英文
 
Waking children with maternal voice smoke alarms-New study shows that maternal voice smoke alarms are more effective in waking children than conventional tone alarms
-- 新研究指出與傳統警鈴聲響的火災偵煙探測器相比,預錄母親聲音的火災偵煙探測器能有效喚醒孩童。
文/陳思源

There's a very good reason to be particularly fearful of a home fire while you're asleep. Almost half of all fatal home fires during the years 2014-2016 occurred between 11 p.m. and 7 a.m. Previous research also shows that while auditory tone alarms wake most adults, they are less likely to wake up children.(我們必須要對睡眠時發生的住宅火警相當警覺,因為其可能造成相當大的危害。2014-2016年美國境內幾乎半數的死亡火災發生在晚上11點至早上7點之間。先前相關研究指出,傳統警鈴聲響的火災偵煙探測器可有效喚醒成人,但不易喚醒兒童。)

Researchers used a larger sample size in the study to confirm that a personalized maternal voice alarm is more successful in waking children than the conventional tone signal. They also examined whether using the child's name in the personalized voice alarm contributes significantly to waking a child.(研究人員經透過大規模研究之後發現個人化預錄母親聲音的火災偵煙探測器與傳統警鈴聲響的型式相比,更能有效喚醒孩童。研究人員也嘗試在預錄母親聲音的火災偵煙探測器中加入孩童姓名的聲音片段,看能不能更有效喚醒孩童。)

Study results(研究結果)
1. The results showed that a maternal voice alarm was about three times more likely to wake a child than a tone alarm. Also, 85 percent of the children woken by a maternal voice alarm had enough time to escape, compared to just 51 percent for the tone alarm.(結果指出,預錄母親聲音的火災偵煙探測器與傳統警鈴型式的相比,能有效喚醒3倍以上的孩童人數。另外,其中85%被預錄母親聲音的警報聲響喚醒的孩童均能有足夠的時間逃生,而被傳統警鈴聲響喚醒的孩童逃生機率只有51%。)
2. Using the child's first name did not increase the alarm effectiveness. A single voice alarm using the mother's voice can be effective for waking multiple children.(在警報聲響中加入孩童姓名的聲音片段並未增加喚醒孩童的機會。但使用預錄母親聲音的警報聲響可同時喚醒多名孩童。)







註:本文相關內容來自https://www.usfa.fema.gov/(本專欄內容可能與我國消防現況有所出入,僅供學習消防英文參考使用。)


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