自民國92年5月起,您是第 位訪客
 全民防災動起來 守護家園一起來(107/9/21)  107年災害防救團體水域急流救生進階訓練(107/9/14)
 
  焦點新聞
  活動花絮
  救災實錄
  案例宣導
  人物介紹
  法規命令
  政風宣導
  消防二三事
  衛生保健
  消防英文
  笑話天地
  服務連結
  各期消防電子報
  訂閱RSS
 
 
消防電子報資料庫首頁 :: 消防英文
 
Factors that contribute to preventable firefighter deaths
-- 可事先防範的消防員致死相關因素
文/陳思源

Eighty to 100 firefighters die in the line-of-duty each year, in most cases from either cardiovascular events or traumatic injury. Researchers recently looked at National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) firefighter fatality reports to try to identify factors that tended to contribute to preventable line-of-duty deaths.(在美國每年約有80-100個消防員於值班時死亡,大部分的死因通常是心血管疾病及意外創傷。研究人員近期檢視美國消防員職場安全健康致死率評估報告,嘗試找出可預防的致死相關因素。)

The study authors first focused on fatal incidents involving personal protective equipment (PPE), seat belts and poor physical condition. For these incidents, they looked at how incident characteristics may have played a role. These included age, gender, years on the job, weather conditions and type of department.(首先研究人員針對消防人員死亡案件的PPE樹脂個人防護設備(如面罩等)、安全帶及個人身體狀況是否不佳等進行分析,並探討事件中的哪些因素可能造成消防人員致死的可能性,這些因素包括年齡、性別、工作年資、天候狀況及部門種類等。)

In a second comparison, the authors looked at firefighters who lacked training, medical clearance or experience versus those who did not have those factors implicated in their deaths. In these comparisons, the authors looked at whether the department had appropriat standard operating procedures (SOPs) in place or not.(另一個研究人員分析的重點,在圈選缺乏專業訓練、體檢不合格及未具備足夠的工作經驗的消防人員作為分析組,與具專業訓練、體檢合格及豐富工作經驗的對照組進行比對,看各項因素對致死率的影響。研究人員也會檢視該消防部門是否具備完善的標準作業程序。)

Research takeaways:(研究指出:)
1. Firefighters are more likely to die in potentially preventable incidents during periods of clear weather and with more years on the job. The authors suggest this may come from complacency and a false sense of security owing to good conditions and past experiences. In inclement weather conditions, firefighters are more careful.(1. 相當令人意外的,具有多年工作經驗的消防人員反而會死於良好天候及可事先預防的事故之下,研究人員認為這是因為消防人員自身具備多年經驗導致過度自信及低估事件的風險性所致。又在惡劣天候下,消防人員會更為謹慎。)
2. Years on the job, but not age, correlated with greater mortality. Carelessness, again, is presumed to be the cause of this and volunteer firefighters were more prone to this than career firefighters.(2. 經研究發現年齡與死亡率較無關聯,反而是工作年資與死亡率有較高的關聯性。疏忽也是造成致死的原因之一,與消防人員相比,義消在救災現場更容易疏忽。)





註:本文相關內容來自https://www.usfa.fema.gov/
(本專欄內容可能與我國消防現況有所出入,僅供學習消防英文參考使用。)


(107年5月11日 )
 
便 利 工 具
友善列印
轉寄好友
意見反映